The kings had so thoroughly centralized the system that most nobles spent their time at Versailles, and played only a small direct role in their home districts.
It was in the modern era that Western civilization took flight, however.
A rich heritage The mixed ancestry of Western civilization gave it a rich heritage to draw on. Greek achievements in mathematics, science, philosophy and art, and Roman developments in law, government and technology, all had a deep impact on later European civilization.
The religion of Christianity, deriving from the Middle East but absorbed into the Graeco-Roman civilization, constituted one of the great pillars of the medieval and modern West.
Added to these elements were major IndianChineseand Arabian achievements in science and technology, transmitted to Europe via the Islamic world and the Mongol empire. Early modern Europe From the early 15th century, European society was transformed by a succession of revolutionary changes.
Trade expanded, towns grew, printing came into use and gunpowder armies caused feudal power structures gave way to centralised monarchies. The Italian Renaissance led to new learning, and increased curiosity. This would powered unparalleled technological advance, and with it, economic growth.
Where explorers went, merchants, conquerors and settlers followed. Globe-spanning trade routes brought vast wealth back to Europe, transforming its economy and society and laying the foundations for European dominance on a world-wide scale. Even in the early phase of this overseas expansion 16th and 17th centuriesan entire continent, South Americawas colonised by Europeans, and North America, the areas of the present-day United States and Canadafollowed soon after from the 17th century.
Protestantism triumphed in most of northern Europe, while the Roman Catholic Church kept its hold of southern Europe. The rise of secularism was given a huge boost by the development of scientific knowledge which had been going on since the Renaissance. Such figures as Copernicus, Galileo and Isaac Newton had transformed the way Europeans thought about the universe.
They had also shown that using scientific thinking and methodology was an extraordinarily powerful tool in expanding knowledge. This encouraged the rationalist thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment to scrutinise everything — religion, society, government — in a new way: Since the time of the Renaissance, several European countries had been building overseas empires.
The American Revolution By the midth century the European colonies in North America had become fully functioning societies in their own right. The colonists felt a growing sense of their ability to determine their own future, and this led to the American Revolution By the end of this, a new country, the United States of America, had made its appearance on the world stage.
National Archives and Records Administration The constitution by which it set to govern itself was consciously modelled on Enlightenment principles of rational government. The French Revolution This example acted as a powerful stimulus to critiques of traditional forms of hereditary monarchical government back in Europe, and, combined with internal problems within France itself, led to the French Revolution breaking out in The revolution challenged the very basis of government of the hereditary monarchies of Europe, and soon the entire continent of Europe was convulsed in war.
Eventually Napoleon was defeated at the battle of Waterloo, in ; but Europeans had had a taste of a new kind of government, and there could be no return to more traditional ways for long. This, along with a diplomacy based to a large extent upon paying subsidies to allies in the fight against Napoleon, did not come cheap; it would have been completely beyond the economic strength of any European power before this period.
This had been gathering pace since the midth century in Britainand had been greatly boosted by the efficient application of steam power to mechanical devices. By the end of the century, large industrial towns were growing up in the Midlands, the north of England and Scotland, in which hundreds of factories churned out vast quantities of manufactured goods.There are hundreds of paintings, sketches, and comics influenced by the French Revolution and especially Napoleon Bonaparte.
Many of the paintings were painted by one artist, in particular. Birth of Western Civilization.
Classical Asia. Revival of the West. The Early Modern Era. The Age of Revolutions.
FC FCA. Napoleon and his Impact () he was lucky to inherit the military innovations of the French Revolution, such as mass conscription which made possible the use of block tactics in order to attack in.
Western civilization, covering the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Exploration and discovery, Enlightenment, Scientific revolution, Industrial revolution, American revolution, French revolution, US expansion and Civil War, European worldwide empires, World War I, the Depression and World War II, the Cold War and after.
The impact of the French Revolution on the Middle East came in terms of the political and military impact of Napoleon's invasion; and in the eventual influence of revolutionary and liberal ideas and revolutionary movements or rebellions.
Apr 16, · Why was Napolean Bonaparte Important To Western Civilization? just looking for facts. Follow. 4 answers 4. You should first know about the French revolution.
The nobles in the rest of Europe saw this revolution as a serious threat to their power. Napoleon is best known for his conquests. Roman law derived via napoleon Status: Resolved. Nov 05, · The main French institution after Napoleon I was the constitutional monarchy / and this hybrid of mainly British political ideas and a few ideas from the earlier French monarchy during the start of the Revolution became a model for Europe despite having failed twice.