All cultures have these ancient stories that were passed down through oral storytelling before written language was developed. Despite cultural differences, myths share some common features.
PERSEUS For those unfamiliar with the basic visible mechanics of constellar movement, what follows is a brief outline, including Greek beliefs regarding the behaviour of the stars. The constellations revolve round a central point in the northern sky known as the pole star, or heavenly axis Greek polos.
Because of its far northern location, most of the stars are seen to rise in the east and set in the west. Only those few closest to the pole--namely, Ursa Major and Minor the Bearsand Draco the Dragon --appear to travel at night in an eternal circle around the pole.
Not all of the constellations are visible in the night sky throughout the year. The first appearance of a constellation in the sky, occurs on the western horizon just prior to dawn its so-called heliacal rising.
As the months progress it is seen to rise earlier and earlier in the night, and gradually assumes a higher position in the heavens prior to dawn, until one evening, it has reached the western horizon, before dissappearing completely from view which is known as the constellation's astronomical setting.
The most important of the heliacal risings were those of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. They were said to rule the heavens for the period in which their position on the eastern horizon prior to dawn was replaced by the rising sun.
So, for example, Gemini first rises above the eastern horizon in late May, appearing in the sky just prior to dawn, where its position is immediately replaced by the rising sun. As the constellation gradually rises earlier and earlier in the night, its place on the solar horizon at dawn is eventually replaced by the next constellation of the zodiac, namely Cancer, in mid June.
The Greeks imagined the heavens as a great, solid dome, which, some say, was forged of bronze, and upon which the heavenly constellations were fixed. The Titan Atlas, who stood either beneath the axis of heaven in the far north in the land of the Hyperboreansor at heaven's western rim in by the Atlas mountains in North Africa, was said to spin the dome around upon his shoulders, causing the stars to rise and set.
Part of the heavenly dome always lay beneath the horizon. Here the constellations were apparently believed to dwell deep beneath the earth in the misty pit of Tartaros, or else within the lands of the dead. When they rose up into the heavens, the constellations were first bathed in the purifying waters of the great earth-encircling river Okeano.
Various myths describe the birth and death of the semi-immortal constellations: Orion was also described by Homer both striding across the heavens and hunting wild beasts in the underworld.
The images on this page are from a Renaissance-era ceiling fresco circa decorating the Villa Farnese in Caprarola, Italy. The Greek name of the constellation. The old Eastern name for the constellation, predating the Greek.
As a result the Greeks had a number of alternate myths describing each of the star groups, as the foreign traditions were translated in different ways by the various regions and poetical traditions of ancient Greece. The Star Catalogue external link. The formula was evidently adopted from eastern sources, in particular the star myths of the so-called "Phoenician Heracles," the hero-god of Lebanon, Melqart.
A number of his labours, although missing from the late Greek constellar arrangements, are perhaps recognisable in their older Eastern forms. The adventures of Heracles can be paired with the following constellations:Dec 11, · Check out our top Free Essays on Made Up Myth Essays to help you write your own Essay.
caninariojana.com Join Now! Login How to Write a Good Essay Probably the most important thing you need to know in university is how to put together a good essay or assignment. What is a myth? A myth is a traditional, usually ancient story involving supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes.
It is used to explain aspects of the natural world or to . Start by reading myths from many cultures to gain knowledge of the elements involved in myth writing. Read for example, a classic Greek myth about the gods or the Chinese myth "Why the Sun Rises When the Rooster Crows," making notes of the mythic elements you encounter as you read.
Aug 20, · Most myths contain Gods and Goddesses, so try to read around other Gods and Goddesses you are interested in. Use traits or parts of their myths to build your own. For example, Thor, the Viking God of War and Lightning, had a hammer he used to create thunder%().
A myth is a made-up story that explains the existence of a natural phenomenon — such as where thunder comes from or why snow falls from the sky. Myths — which often include gods and goddesses and other supernatural characters who have the power to make extraordinary things happen — are popular even when people know the actual reasons for natural phenomena.
In some cultures, the stars represent part of the cosmos, such as the heavens or the home of the gods, or a path between the earth and another world.
In many myths and legends, individual stars or constellations, groups of stars, have special significance.