September Remember the essays you had to write in high school? Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure. So I'm going to try to give the other side of the story:
The word evokes images of football, family reunions, roasted turkey with stuffing, pumpkin pie and, of course, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag, the acknowledged founders of the feast. But was it always so?
Read on to find out This article explores the development of our modern holiday. For information on food at the First Thanksgiving, go to Partakers of our Plenty. If you'd like to join us for Thanksgiving dinner, please visit our Thanksgiving Dining and Special Events page.
From ancient times, Native People of North America have held ceremonies to give thanks for successful harvests, for the hope of a good growing season in the early spring, and for other good fortune such as the birth of a child.
Giving thanks was, and still is, the primary reason for ceremonies or celebrations. Inwhen their labors were rewarded with a bountiful harvest after a year of sickness and scarcity, the Pilgrims gave thanks to God and celebrated His bounty in the Harvest Home tradition with feasting and sport recreation.
To these people of strong Christian faith, this was not merely a revel; it was also a joyous outpouring of gratitude. The arrival of the Pilgrims and Puritans brought new Thanksgiving traditions to the American scene.
Florida, Texas, Maine and Virginia each declare itself the site of the First Thanksgiving and historical documents support the various claims. However, few people knew about these events until the 20th century. They were isolated celebrations, forgotten long before the establishment of the American holiday, and they played no role in the evolution of Thanksgiving.
But as James W. Baker states in his book, Thanksgiving: Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling that so we might after a special manner rejoice together…. This published description of the First Thanksgiving was lost during the Colonial period.
It was rediscovered in Philadelphia around Reverend Young saw a similarity between his contemporary American Thanksgiving and the Harvest Feast. On this occasion they no doubt feasted on the wild turkey as well as venison. Auspicious events, such as the sudden ending of war, drought or pestilence, might inspire a thanksgiving proclamation.
It was like having an extra Sabbath during the week. Fasts and thanksgivings never fell on a Sunday.
In the early s, they were not annual events. Simultaneously instituted in Plymouth, Connecticut and Massachusetts, Thanksgiving became a regular event by the middle of the 17th century and it was proclaimed each autumn by the individual Colonies.
By the s, the emotional significance of the New England family united around a dinner table overshadowed the civil and religious importance of Thanksgiving.
By the s, almost every state and territory celebrated Thanksgiving. Inshe began a campaign to reinstate the holiday after the model of the first Presidents. She publicly petitioned several Presidents to make it an annual event.
The President declared two national Thanksgivings that year, one for August 6 celebrating the victory at Gettysburg and a second for the last Thursday in November. Neither Lincoln nor his successors, however, made the holiday a fixed annual event. A President still had to proclaim Thanksgiving each year, and the last Thursday in November became the customary date.
In a controversial move, Franklin Delano Roosevelt lengthened the Christmas shopping season by declaring Thanksgiving for the next-to-the-last Thursday in November. Two years later, inCongress responded by permanently establishing the holiday as the fourth Thursday in the month.
Afterrepresentations of the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag began to reflect a shift of interest to the harvest celebration. By the beginning of the 20th century, the Pilgrims and the Thanksgiving holiday were used to teach children about American freedom and how to be good citizens.
Each November, in classrooms across the country, students participated in Thanksgiving pageants, sang songs about Thanksgiving, and built log cabins to represent the homes of the Pilgrims.
Immigrant children also learned that all Americans ate turkey for Thanksgiving dinner.
The last lesson was especially effective with the recollections of most immigrant children in the 20th century including stories of rushing home after school in November to beg their parents to buy and roast a turkey for a holiday dinner.
Today, many Americans delight in giving regional produce, recipes and seasonings a place on the Thanksgiving table. In New Mexico, chiles and other southwestern flavors are used in stuffing, while on the Chesapeake Bay, the local favorite, crab, often shows up as a holiday appetizer or as an ingredient in dressing.
In Minnesota, the turkey might be stuffed with wild rice, and in Washington State, locally grown hazelnuts are featured in stuffing and desserts.This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
U.S. History/English Research Paper Topic List The following is a list of possible research paper topics. A research paper is not a report. Instead, it must deal with a specific issue, and should prove a specific thesis. September Remember the essays you had to write in high school?
Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in Moby Dick was a Christ-like figure.
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We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. American Revolution essay questions This collection of American Revolution essay questions has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students.
They can also be used for short answer questions, discussion points or other research or revision tasks.