Open the "Elements and Standards" Online Model Each of these structures has implications for the others.
Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework Critical thinking is that mode of thinking — about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.
Paul and Elder, The Paul-Elder framework has three components: They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking.
Elements of Thought reasoning The "parts" or elements of thinking are as follows: All reasoning has a purpose All reasoning is an attempt to figure something out, to settle some question, to solve some problem All reasoning is based on assumptions All reasoning is done from some point of view All reasoning is based on data, information and evidence All reasoning is expressed through, and shaped by, concepts and ideas All reasoning contains inferences or interpretations by which we draw conclusions and give meaning to data All reasoning leads somewhere or has implications and consequences Universal Intellectual Standards The intellectual standards that are to these elements are used to determine the quality of reasoning.
Good critical thinking requires having a command of these standards. According to Paul and Elder, the ultimate goal is for the standards of reasoning to become infused in all thinking so as to become the guide to better and better reasoning.
The intellectual standards include: Clarity Could you illustrate what you mean? Could you give me an example? Accuracy How could we check on that? How could we find out if that is true?
How could we verify or test that? Precision Could you be more specific? Could you give me more details? Could you be more exact? Relevance How does that relate to the problem?
How does that bear on the question?
How does that help us with the issue? Depth What factors make this difficult? What are some of the complexities of this question? What are some of the difficulties we need to deal with? Breadth Do we need to look at this from another perspective? Do we need to consider another point of view? Do we need to look at this in other ways?
Logic Does all of this make sense together? Does your first paragraph fit in with your last one? Does what you say follow from the evidence?caninariojana.com - Critical Thinking Model 1 From caninariojana.com - April 2, AM Interactive illustrating the critical thinking model of Paul and Elder ("elements of thought").
APPLYING THE CRITICAL THINKING MODEL Rubric for the Critical Thinking Application Paper Applied Ethics/St.
Petersburg College NOTE: Chapter 4 “Critical Thinking” in your textbook has a detailed explanation of the critical thinking model and how to apply it. More precisely, this website presents a rigorous, comprehensive, and detailed approach to the nature of, instruction in, and assessment of, critical thinking, and is addressed to a variety of audiences.
Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. The subject is complex, abstract, universal, and objective. This model of thinking has become so entrenched in conventional academic wisdom that many educators accept it as canon".
The Critical Thinking Company publishes PreK+ books and software to develop critical thinking in core subject areas. Five ways to generate questions that lead to disciplined thinking: •To focus on questions based on: Purpose, question at issue, concepts, assumptions.