Civilization and medicinal uses

He turned his passion for plants and other medicinal substances into a monumental reference work on herbs and pharmacy that remained the supreme authority on the subject for over years. Translated into several languages both ancient and modern, and later supplemented with commentary by European, Middle Eastern, and Indian authors, it has been the prime authority and source work on herbs and other medicinal substances in the history of Western Civilization, and quite possibly in the history of the world. Pedanius Dioscorides was born around 30 A.

Civilization and medicinal uses

Explosives[ edit ] Camphor is used as a plasticizer for nitrocellulosean ingredient for fireworks and explosive munitions. During the late 19th Century, as Western manufacturers developed machine guns and other rapid fire ordnance, it became imperative to reduce the smoke that covered battlefields so that haze obscured hidden gun emplacements could be revealed.

Camphor was an essential component in the production of smokeless gunpowder. Also, the new smokeless powder did not foul the weapons as much as conventional gunpowder. In the early decades of the plastics industrycamphor was used in "immense quantities" [10]: It was in this connection that the development of a synthetic source became economically important, as discussed above.

Pest deterrent and preservative[ edit ] Camphor is believed to be toxic to insects and is thus sometimes used as a repellent.

Civilization and medicinal uses

Camphor crystals are sometimes used to prevent damage to insect collections by other small insects. It is kept in clothes used on special occasions and festivals, and also in cupboard corners as a cockroach repellent. The smoke of camphor crystal or camphor incense sticks can be used as an environmentally-friendly mosquito repellent.

In embalmingcamphor oil was one of the ingredients used by ancient Egyptians for mummification. According to the Perfume Handbook, "[Camphor] features in more than a quarter of al-Kindi's perfume recipes and in many other medieval Arabic works, including the Arabian Nights Tales.

However, the original Hebrew word kopher, actually refers to henna, another perfume and dyestuff of the Arabic world.

Ancient Indian Agriculture in Vedic period

Physiology[ edit ] Camphor is readily absorbed through the skin, where it stimulates nerve endings sensitive to heat and cold, producing a warm sensation when vigorously applied, or a cool sensation when applied gently. It produces symptoms of irritability, disorientationlethargymuscle spasmsvomitingabdominal cramps, convulsionsand seizures.

Generally, two grams cause serious toxicity and four grams are potentially lethal. It was probably the odor of the substance and its decongestant effect that led to its use in medicine.

The plant has also been named hima and has been identified with the plant Cinnamomum camphora. Camphor also was used for centuries in Chinese medicine for a variety of purposes. Paregoric was used in various formulations for hundreds of years. It was a household remedy in the 18th and 19th centuries when it was widely used to control diarrhea in adults and children, as an expectorant and cough medicine, to calm fretful children, and to rub on the gums to counteract the pain from teething.

Its use declined in the 20th century after the regulation of opium. Also in the 18th century, camphor was used by Auenbrugger in the treatment of maniaparadoxically by inducing seizures. Since alternative treatments exist, medicinal use of camphor is discouraged by the FDA, except for skin-related uses, such as medicated powders, which contain only small amounts of camphor.

Hindu religious ceremonies[ edit ] Camphor is widely used in Hindu religious ceremonies. Aarti is performed after setting fire to it usually as the last step of puja.This plant was attached by Linnaeus to the genus Anethum, but was separated from it by De Candolle and placed with three or four others in a new genus styled Foeniculum, which has been generally adopted by botanists.(Foeniculum was the name given to this plant by the Romans, and is derived from the Latin word, foenum = hay).This was corrupted in the Middle Ages into Fanculum, and this gave.

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Camphor - Wikipedia

Hemp, Cannabis sativa, has been called the world's most versatile plant. Materials made from hemp fiber have been discovered in tombs dating back to B.C. The history of medical cannabis goes back to ancient times. This statute did not ban the alcohol, narcotics, and stimulants in the medicines; rather, it required medicinal products to be labeled as such and curbed some of the more misleading, overstated.

The 10,year World History of Hemp and Cannabis

Susan Leopold, PhD. Susan Leopold, PhD. Susan is an ethnobotanist and passionate defender of biodiversity. Over the past 20 years, Susan has worked extensively with indigenous peoples in .

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What is Noni? The Noni plant is a small evergreen tree that grows along Hawaii’s beaches and in forest areas up to 1, feet.

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