An essay on vatican ii

The origin of the name Vaticanus is uncertain; some claim that the name comes from a vanished Etruscan town called Vaticum. Aulus Gelliuswriting in the 2nd century, also said the word Vatican was derived from the word vaticinia, or prophecies, in his Attic Nightsbook 16, chapter

An essay on vatican ii

Pontifix Maximus is a papal title meaning in Latin "chief bridge maker" between earth and heaven. However, Jesus Christ is the only One who can claim this title because "no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

This was a title of the Roman Caesars and of the Roman Emperors of paganism. Holy Father is a title the pope claims for himself.

Father is a title that every Roman Catholic priest claims for himself and expects to be called. Jesus warns in Matthew Reverend is a title of many Roman Catholic priests and Protestant ministers. This is also a title for God in Psalms Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ's humanity, but not the mother of Jesus Christ's divinity.

It annulled all contracts made in favor of Vaudois, ordered their domestics to abandon them, forbade all persons to give them any aid whatever, and empowered all persons to take possession of their property.

The Pope rejoiced when he heard the news of the successful outcome. The Waldenses were burned; An essay on vatican ii were cast into damp and horrid dungeons; they were smothered in crowds in mountain caverns, mothers and babes, and old men and women together; they were sent out into exile in the winter night, unclothed and unfed, to climb the snowy mountains; they were hurled over the rocks; their houses and lands were taken from them; their children were stolen to be indoctrinated with the religion which they abhorred.

Rapacious individuals were sent among them to strip them of their property, to persecute and exterminate them. Thousands of heretics" or Waldenses, "old men, women and children, were hung, quartered, broken upon the wheel, or burned alive and their property confiscated for the benefit of the king, and Holy See.

In the 3rd Canon of that Council it is enacted that bishops should inquire at least once a year in every parish, with power, if need be, to compel the whole community on oath to name any heretics whom they knew.

An aider or abettor of a heretic is himself ipso facto excommunicate; if discovered and publicly excommunicated, he incurs civil death, and those who communicate with such abettors shall themselves be excommunicated. For the heretics themselves, they are to be 'exterminated,' and any prince neglecting to exterminate them is to be deposed by the Pope, who will release his subjects from their allegiance.

Even, if we would otherwise have doubted what 'extermination' means in its final implications, the word is clearly glossed by St. Thomas Aquinas Summaxi, 3 'remove from the world by death.

And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. To deny that, is to deny the very words of Jesus Christ. It is impossible to form a complete conception of the multitude of her victims, and it is quite certain that no powers of imagination can adequately realize their sufferings.

An excellent though lengthy article describing in detail the right of the Roman Catholic Church to do this, will be found in The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. Beginning from the establishment of the Jesuits in tonine hundred thousand were destroyed.

An essay on vatican ii

One hundred and fifty thousand perished by the Inquisition in thirty years. Within the space of thirty-eight years after the edict of Charles V against the Protestants, fifty thousand persons were hanged, beheaded, or burned alive for heresy. Eighteen thousand more perished during the administration of the Duke of Alva in five and a half years.

The pope rejoiced when he heard the news of the successful outcome. Read Great Controversy, chapter 15 for the details.

Protestants put the number at 70, We prefer the latter figure. If there were 70, Huguenots [French Protestants] in Paris the night of the massacre, so much the more justification for the slaughter. We have heard ring out many times the very bells that called the Catholics together on that fatal night.

An essay on vatican ii

They always sounded sweetly in our ears"--Western Watchman, Nov. That, we say, would entirely depend upon circumstances. If it would benefit the cause of Catholicism, he would tolerate you: If expedient, he would imprison you, banish you, fine you; possibly, he might even hang you.

But be assured of one thing: He would never tolerate you for the sake of 'the glorious principles of civil and religious liberty'. Catholicism is the most intolerant of creeds.On this page you will find authentic quotes and excerpts from numerous Roman Catholic documents, articles, sermons, book excerpts, and Television for your evangelical research.

The 2nd Vatican Council Essay - The 2nd Vatican Council Starting with the First Council of Nicaea in the Catholic Church established a tradition of ecumenical Council meetings to help decide on and shape the future of the Church.

The account of the charters, curiosities & co. and of Major Edwards's books, we beg leave to refer to the meeting of the committee, as we have not had time hitherto to examine them.

Among the most eyebrow-raising declarations in Vatican II's Nostra Aetate are in Section 3, which concerns the Muslims. The language is difficult to follow for a lay person. However, an "Assessment of this Council" was written "as an AID to study by Catholic Students of the Second Vatican contain material, some written in a journalistic style, for the American reader.

Vatican II was the 21st ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic church, which became the symbol of the church's openness to the modern world. The council was announced by Pope John XXIII on January 25, , and held meetings in the autumn of each of four successive years.

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