When Margaret Atwood picked up the story of Penelope and Odysseus, she kept all the familiar ideas, and yet - it is an entirely modern vision, and a modern voice speaking. She looks beyond the famous stars of the narrative: Helen, Odysseus, Agamemnon, Menelaus, Penelope, and lets a chorus line of maids have their say. She retells the story of their harsh lives, of their vulnerability.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The novel is set in Ancient Greek society where particularly women and lower-classes were severely subjugated and silenced.
Atwood critically evaluates this patriarchal world through eyes of women. The Penelopiad has successfully empowered those who were once marginalized through the employment of two literary agents: The subversion of this Grand Narrative results in the undercutting of the greater perspective and presenting it in an unusual manner.
The perspective in which the story is narrated has shifted from the phallocentric heroes of The Odyssey to the domestic personal perspective of Penelope and her maids. The reader is thus exposed to an alternate perspective which is seldom heard in both society and literature. Through death, Penelope and her maids have escaped the social conventions which previously smothered their voice and importance, and are free to express themselves without retribution.
As a tribute to Ancient Greek Drama, Atwood uses the twelve maids as a chorus strategically placed at pivotal points of the novel, for the maids to comment on. The chorus is a structural tool in which Atwood gives the silenced maids an opportunity to voice their opinions. The frequently critical and mocking nature of the maids further undermines the glorifications of the Grand Narrative and promotes the voice of the marginalized.
Penelope uses colloquial language which engages directly with the reader in a spontaneous and relaxed tone. It highlights her reflective and honest perspective — unrestricted by social boundaries. Her writing resembles a post-modern Stream of Consciousness where the narrator openly communicates with the audience.
Following a subversion of the grand narrative, the Penelopiad has transcended into a feminist text. Many women of the modern world can relate to this issue. The feminist theory in literature opposes the patronizing image of women created by male writers and calls upon women to reclaim their gender.
Atwood empowers Penelope and the Maids to seize control and retell their own story and create their own life, as opposed to submitting to the male version. The Penelopiad challenges the traditional notion that women are less capable than men. Throughout the novel, the glorified schemes and plans created by men, who were originally thought to have fooled Penelope now states that she intentionally appeared to be unaware, to keep the men satisfied.
By demolishing the social barriers of conventional female suppression, the novel inspires readers and characters within the book to break their silence and seize control over their lives and opinions. The Penelopiad integrates the Feminist Theory in order to identify the historical and social structures of female submission and give voice to those would are silenced within and beyond the novel.
Throughout the novel, Atwood empowered both characters and readers alike who were previously silenced. More essays like this:Perhaps most obviously, Atwood’s novel is closely intertwined with and based off of Homer’s The Odyssey, an ancient Greek epic poem that describes the Greek hero Odysseus’s long journey home after the Trojan War.
Odysseus’s journey was an oral myth long before Homer recorded it; however, Homer’s text is still considered to be the .
Penelope, Virtuous Wife of Odysseus. The Penelopiad: The Myth of Penelope and Odysseus, by Margaret Atwood; Question: How is Penelope a hero and what are the characteristics?
Based on penelope’s perspective, how is she different from how the epic portrays her? what do you think of penelope’s character in the preceding story? 4. What. The Penelopiad is thus a subversion of Homer’s narrative ‘The Odyssey’ and Atwood revamps his story in several ways.
The perspective in which the story is narrated has shifted from the phallocentric heroes of The Odyssey to the domestic personal perspective of Penelope and her maids. Analysis of Chapter 1 of the Penelopiad (Margaret Atwood) Analysis of Chapter 1 of ‘The Penelopiad’ (Margaret Atwood) The Penelopiad is, first and foremost, is a feminist perspective of events that unfolded during The Odyssey.
It is from Penelope’s, the cousin to Helen of Troy, point of view- a violent and revisionist view of events that took place. The Penelopiad is a novella by Margaret Atwood. It was published in as part of the first set of books in the Canongate Myth Series where contemporary authors rewrite ancient myths.
In The Penelopiad, Penelope reminisces on the events of the Odyssey, life in Hades, Odysseus, Helen of Troy, and her relationships with her parents. A Greek . postmodernist tradition Margaret Atwood produces a hybrid of several genres: Penelope‟s first person narrative (19 out of 29 chapters), interspersed with the 10 chapters delivered by a chorus line of 12 maids (those hanged by .