See Article History Alternative Titles: Its 1, miles 1, km of coast to the north are bathed by the waters of the Caribbean Seaand its miles 1, km of coast to the west are washed by the Pacific Ocean. The country is bordered by Panamawhich divides the two bodies of water, on the northwest, Venezuela and Brazil on the east, and Peru and Ecuador on the south.
Colombia has a total area ofsquare miles, includingsquare miles of land and 38, miles of marine area. With many different ecosystems within its territory, Colombia is one of the world's most biologically diverse countries.
Approximately 58 percent of the country is covered by natural forest. Colombia is home to around 55, different types of plant species — which account for 15 percent of the existing species in the world.
Colombia has more than 1, species of birds, species of amphibians, species of mammals, species of reptiles and 3, species of fish, making the country a mega diverse destination.
The country is also home to relatively intact swaths of Amazon rainforest and an almost pristine Pacific coastline. Location Situated in the northwest corner of South America, Colombia is the only country in the region with both a Pacific and Caribbean coast.
Located between 4 00 North, 72 00 West, Colombia is an equatorial country with a climate determined by trade winds, humidity and altitude. In most of the country, there are two rainy seasons — from April to June and from August to November — and two dry seasons.
The country enjoys constant luminosity throughout the year, with an equal duration of daylight and nighttime hours. This region extends for nearly 1, miles along the Caribbean coast, and is composed of desert on the peninsula of La Guajira; mountains covered by rainforest and perennial snow that form the Sierra Nevada de Santa Martathe highest coastal mountain in the world 18, feet above sea level ; marshes and plains in the departments of Magdalena, Cesar and Sucre; bays with white sandy beaches such as the Gulf of Morrosquillo; jungles in the Gulf of Uraba; and a breathtaking view of the Caribbean.
Near Cartagena lie the archipelagos of Rosario and San Bernardo, coral paradises with mangrove islets. Some miles from the coast, the archipelago of San Andres and Providencia forms an oasis of life amid the sea, with islands, keys and reefs. The Andes The longest mountain range in the world, the Andes begin in Colombia in the Nudo de los Pastos in the south of the country, where it divides into two.
In the Colombian Massif, it separates into three mountain chains that cross Colombia from north to south and create a rugged terrain, with peaks higher than 17, feet above sea level, expansive highland plains, deep canyons and broad valleys.
The Pacific Coast Photo: Stretching for over miles, the Pacific Coast is one of the wettest regions on Earth, with a rainfall of over 10, mm3 per year.
The flatter south is bordered by cliffs and beaches lined with mangrove and crossed by wide rivers. Enormous humpback whales from the South Pacific visit the islands each year, and more than miles from the coast, the island rock of Malpelo emerges from the depths of the ocean, surrounded by remarkable underwater life.
The Orinoquia This vast region, which extends as far as the Orinoco River on the border with Venezuela, is a plain that spreads eastward.
Its savannas are spotted with scrub and riverine forests. The Serrania de La Macarena rises in the southwest, a formation independent of the Andes and endowed with an immense biodiversity, in which natural elements of the Andes, the Amazon and the Orinoquia merge.
Meta, Foto Aviatur, Fuente Proexport. The Amazon Of the 2, square miles of jungle that make up the Amazon basin, oversquare miles belong to Colombia.Physical geography is the branch of geography dealing with the natural features of the Earth, the home of humans.
Physical geography looks at the water, air, animals, and land of the planet Earth (i.e. everything that is part of the four spheres - the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere). Brief History of Colombia: Colombia was originally inhabited by various tribes, hunter-gatherers, and farmers.
The two main civilizations .
Colombia’s Geography Photo: Naturaleza, Foto18, Carlos Hoyos, Fuente Proexport. Colombia has a total area of , square miles, including , square miles of land and 38, miles of marine area.
Colombia, officially Republic of Colombia, Spanish República de Colombia, country of northwestern South America. Its 1, miles (1, km) of coast to the north are bathed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and its miles (1, km) of coast to the west are washed by the Pacific Ocean.
Brief History of Colombia: Colombia was originally inhabited by various tribes, hunter-gatherers, and farmers. The two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples. Colombia, officially Republic of Colombia, Spanish República de Colombia, country of northwestern South America.
Its 1, miles (1, km) of coast to the north are bathed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and its miles (1, km) of coast to the west are washed by the Pacific Ocean.